Over the last few decades, India has been faced with a major population explosion that has largely exceeded the country's economic growth. Today, India is the second most densely populated country in the world behind China. Unfortunately, a large number of Indians still live in poverty and face discrimination based on their sex and caste — a class system responsible for major social inequalities.
Despite India’s recent progress on human and economic issues, many people still do not have access to education and are illiterate. The majority lives in the rural regions of the country where resources are scarce. The highest illiteracy rate is found in the state of Rajasthan. Even if, school is officially free and mandatory, roughly 20% of Indian children have never set foot in a classroom.