An estimated 57% of all Indians have no access to electricity, and the electrical service available to the rest of the population is often irregular and inefficient. But workdays are long in this populous country, and the lack of electrical lighting can make doing anything after the sun goes down difficult or impossible. Many impoverished Indians have recourse kerosene lamps, but this poses substantial health risks.
The lack of electricity also has significant impacts on households, by limiting the number of hours people can work or obliging them to keep their homes dark after a hard day. It also affects education, preventing children from studying enough at night to be able to aspire to a better future. Thus, India urgently needs to modernize and develop efficient, sustainable forms of energy.